SCT Experiment

SCT Detector

A universal particle detector surrounds the beams collision area. Its purpose is detecting particles produced in \(e^+e^-\) collisions and measuring their properties. The principles for detecting charged and neutral particles differ, and are based on different types of interaction with the detector medium.

The trajectory of a charged particle is measured in the tracking system by detecting the medium ionization produced by the particle. The trajectory of a charged particle in a magnetic field is a helix with a curvature that depends on the particle momentum. An axial uniform magnetic field of \(1.5\ \mathrm{T}\) is mainained in the tracking system volume allowing the particle momentum to be measured.

An important task is determination of the type of charged particle passing through the detector. There are five options: electron, muon, charged \(\pi\) or \(K\) mesons, and proton. All other charged particles decay before reaching the detector. The particle identification (PID) system is devoted to this task.

Neutral particles reaching the detector (photons and neutrons) do not produce ionization and do not interact with magnetic field. Energy is the only parameter that can be measured in this case. This is done using the electromagnetic calorimeter. A particle entering the calorimeter produces an electromagnetic shower — a cascade of secondary electrons and photons. Primary electrons and photons transfer all its energy to shower, so that their energy can be measured via detection of the secondary (shower) photons.

Requirements to meet

The SCT physics program imposes the following requirements on the SCT detector:

The listed requirements correspond to a state-of-the-art particle detector. All detector subsystems, if well designed and working in concert, should constitute a detector that meets the requirements.